U.S. Congressional Map on Oregon Treaty States. Several states such as Washington, Oregon, Montana, Idaho and parts of Minnesota were created on the basis of this contract. The establishment of the new states and territories was important to American policy. The contribution of the northern states would allow the southern states to come to the Senate at the same time for the balance of the powers of the free states of the United States and the slave states. Without this obvious fate, the United States might not have expanded as much as it did. It could also have had an impact on foreign relations with Britain. If the United States did not withstand British aggression, it could have less power in the international community and be exploited by other powers interested in western colonies. The Oregon Treaty is an important part of the obvious destiny of the United States. In 1846, Britain and the United States signed the Oregon Treaty, which extended the international border between the United States and Canada along the 49th parallel to the Strait of Georgia and then the Strait of Juan de Fuca. This agreement terminated “competition” for the region by dividing it between the British and the Americans. Subsequently, issues such as Indian and agricultural policy on both sides of the border would be determined by different government systems.
The HBC remained influential in British Columbia for a long time. This piece by the Savannah Georgian is about the territory of Oregon. He mentions that the territory is useless because it would create conflicts with other nations, while the other part says that the soil is rich and that it would be an ideal place to cultivate and have a new territory to live. Although there were conflicting ideas in this case, the obvious ideals would gain because of the aggressive nature that the United States would take if it reached British territory. The controversial area of the Pacific coast, called Oregon Land, stretched from the Ridge of the Rockies in the east to the ocean in the west and from the 42nd parallel to the south (now the California-Oregon border) at the parallel of 54 degrees, 40 minutes north (now the Alaska-British Columbia border). This area was claimed by the various explorers who arrived first by sea and then by land. At different times, Spain and Russia were among those challenging the region, but between 1818 and 1824 the Spanish and Russians abandoned their claims to the area south of Alaska and northern California. Subsequently, only Great Britain and the United States competed for Oregon Country among the developed nations. Intercity american migration to Oregon began in the early 1840s. In 1840, about 150 Americans lived in the Oregon Country.
Until 1845, there were 5,000 or more American settlers, most of them clustered in the Valley of La Willamette (see figure below). Most of them had arrived via the road and thus launched an epic new means of transport. The sudden growth of a resident American population and settlers, not fur traders, changed the balance of power in the territory that the United States was to become.